Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam was a great scientist, President, and a Phenomenal teacher, he was the driving force behind the development of India’s missile and nuclear weapons programs and many scientific technology developments in India.
Let’s look at some of his contributions:-
This was his first ever invention, gor his college project, he made a double engine powered hovercraft named “Nandhi”. It was completed after a lot of struggle and it managed to fly above 1 foot from ground with two persons in it.
Pokhran-2 consisted of five detonations, the first was a fusion bomb and the remaining four were fission bombs. These nuclear tests resulted in a variety of sanctions against India by a number of major countries, including Japan and the United States. Pokhran 1 was tested on 1974. The interesting fact about Pokhran 2 testing was, it maintained high secrecy so that no one detects the testing and they succeeded in it by avoiding the spy satellites and CIA satellites by calculating the blind spot and time. India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle At the time, India had not even dreamt about Satellite Launch Vehicle, but Dr. Kalam’s, who worked hard for over a decade, made it possible for us to develop our first indigenous SLV. SLV III injected Rohini satellite in the near-earth orbit in July 1980 making India an exclusive Space Club member.
Indigenous Guided Missiles
After working for 20 years in ISRO, Dr. Kalam was appointed as the CEO of Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP). He was responsible for the development and operation of AGNI and PRITHVI missiles.
Kalam Raju Stent
In 1998, along with cardiologist Soma Raju, Kalam developed a low-cost coronary stent, named the "Kalam-Raju Stent” which led to reduction of prices of imported coronary stents in India by more than 50 percent in 2012
Kalam Raju Tablet
After the success of Kalam Raju Stent, he and cardiologist Soma Raju developed a tablet called “The Kalam Raju Tablet” which aimed at arming healthcare workers at the primary level to respond to emergency medical situations.
While India has been declared polio free by the WHO, In 1995 and 1996, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam and his team worked hard to produce orthosis calipers that weighed almost 1/10th of the weight of those that were available in the market. These floor reaction calipers made movement and walking less painful for patients with motor disabilities allowing kids to walk more freely and fluidly without much help.
Project Devil and Project Valiant
In the 1970s, Kalam also directed two projects, namely, Project Devil and Project Valiant, which sought to develop ballistic missiles from the technology of the successful SLV programme. Despite the disapproval of Union Cabinet, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi allotted secret funds for these aerospace projects through her discretionary powers under Kalam’s directorship. Kalam played an integral role convincing the Union Cabinet to conceal the true nature of these classified aerospace projects.
Also Read: 7 Facts About Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam