ISRO vallu Chandrayan-1, Mangalyaan (MOM), Shakti Anti-Satellite and recent ga Chandrayan-2 lanti space missions tho India space research and development lo World Countries ni ascharyaparustundhi. Aithe ISRO ela start aindi? ISRO founder evaru ante?
He is none other than ‘Vikram Sarabhai’ and today Google and nation pays tribute to Vikram Sarabhai on his 100th birthday. But ee person evaru? Google enduku? tribute pay chestundi anedi every Indian should know.
Born into a family of industrialists from Ahmedabad, Gujarat.
Correct ga 100 years back ee roju ante 1919 lo August 12th roju Ambala Sarabhai and Sarala Devi Ambala la rich Industrialist family lo puttadu Vikram Sarabhai. Childhood nundi eh studies lo main ga chemistry and physics subjects lo chala interest undedi Vikram Sarabhai ki. After completing his Intermediate in Science from Gujarat College. He went to London where he completed his graduation from St. John’s College.
World War II had a major impact on Vikram Sarabhai and made him to return to India:
World War II time lo nuclear power unna countries and their domination ni chusina Vikram, mana country ni kuda nuclear power nation ga cheyalane thought tho India ki vachesaru. Ala India ki vacchina ayana Indian Institute of Science (Bangalore) lo Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman daggara ‘Cosmic Rays’ studies start chesadu. Next 1945 he returned to Cambridge to pursue a doctorate and wrote a thesis, “Cosmic Ray Investigations in Tropical Latitudes,” in 1947.
Started Physical Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad on his return to India in 1947:
1947 lo doctorate studies and thesis complete chesina Vikram Sarabhai 1947 lo India ki return aiyyaka Ahmedabad lo first ‘Physical Research Laboratory’ establish chesaru. Ahmedabad Textile Industry, and Indian Institute of Management ila different business start chesina Sarabhai 1962 lo first time ‘Indian National Committee for Space Research’ ni establish chesadu which was later renamed as ‘Indian Space Research Organization’ ISRO today.
Join hands with Homi Bhaba (Father of Nuclear Energy) and led India as Atomic and Nuclear nation in World Map.
After he established ISRO, Vikram Sarabhai join hands with Homi Bhaba (Father of Nuclear Energy) in 1966. With the support from Homi Bhaba, he launched India’s first Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station in Kerala. Together this duo made pioneer efforts in Nuclear Energy and Atomic Energy R&D in India. Even after Bhabha’s sudden demise Vikram took up so many Atomic and Nuclear tests. After recognizing his efforts Indian Government appointed him as chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission of India’.
Instrumental in Space Research after several discussions with NASA administrator Thomas Paine after agreement in September 1969.
1969 lo NASA administrator Thomas Paine tho several meetings and agreement helped us to launch the first satellite which is ‘Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE)’ during July 1975 – July 1976 years after his death in 1971.
Most well-known institutions established by Dr. Sarabhai are:
Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad
Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Ahmedabad
Darpan Academy for Performing Arts, Ahmedabad (along with his wife)
Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Thiruvananthapuram
Space Applications Centre, Ahmedabad (This institution came into existence after merging six institutions/centres established by Sarabhai)
Faster Breeder Test Reactor (FBTR), Kalpakkam
Variable Energy Cyclotron Project, Calcutta
Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL), Hyderabad
Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL), Jaduguda, Bihar
Community Science Centre, Ahmedabad.
Vikram Sarabhai’s Legacy:
1. He honored with two of India’s highest civilian awards, the Padma Bhushan (1966) and Padma Vibhushan (awarded posthumously in 1972).
2. ‘Vikram Lander’ on India’s moon mission in Chandrayaan- II is named after his efforts to Indian Space Research.
3. On occasion of Father of India’s Space Programme 100th birthday , ISRO announced award in his name today.